A bit of history Sarmyshsay
A bit of history Sarmyshsay


A bit of history Sarmyshsay


Archeologists Archeology Institute of the Republic of Uzbekistan does not exclude the possibility of settling the territory Sarmishsay people already in the Paleolithic (300-15 thousand. BC). In the Neolithic period (VI-V millennium BC.) Is settled the tribes of hunters and fishermen keltaminarskoy culture. The convenient location of the tract, the availability of fresh water and a large number of animals did Sarmyshsay convenient place to perform rituals. According to archeologists are committed by religious rites. 

The dating of the petroglyphs Sarmishsay task problematic. To give at least an approximate date you need to carefully examine the plot, style, applying the technique of images, as well as the desert "tan", overlapping pictures and much more. As the process of the creation of rock art and the process of their research - a very complex and time consuming task 
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Petroglyphs Sarmishsay differ in age, style and story. There are images of bulls tours, which include all the data back to the Stone and Bronze Ages, deer picture, goats in the animal style typical of the art of Scythian tribes range (early iron IX-II cent. BC). Also Sarmyshsay petroglyphs can be found later period, relating to the Middle Ages. They depict medieval domestic goats, camels, dogs, and can be easily dated Arabic inscription. 

Petroglyphs Stone and Bronze Ages (VII-II millennium BC.) Are the most ancient images of the territory Sarmishsay. This is mainly rock carvings of bulls tours. Similar figures are on the territory of Azerbaijan in the Arabian Peninsula. The magnitude of figures varied from 30-40 cm to 70-80 cm. Many of these ancient figures are similar in technique, so it can be assumed that they complied with one master. 
Petroglyphs Early Iron Age are distinguished characteristic of nomadic Scythian circle "animal" style. Basically, here depicted deer, argali, horses and camels. Disappear image bulls tours, but there are characteristic of a bow and arrow image nomads and horsemen and hunting scenes. Unlike older graphics, drawings Saka-Scythian period are smaller. In addition, they are made by different artists, but the master is very precisely and carefully transferred the images of animals and people. 

Petroglyphs later period lighter and coarser. Engineering drawing performance is quite simple, but the content is different characteristic for ancient periods of diversity. Basically pets depicted on them. There are also Arabic inscriptions, mixed with ancient images. Here too there are figures of horsemen with whip in hand. Unlike Saka graphics, Medieval petroglyphs acquire schematic character: they are no longer such accuracy and finesse in execution.

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